Chihuahua is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Its capital city is Chihuahua. Chihuahua is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. Chihuahua is just one of over 60 official online guides covering the whole of Mexico. If you´re planning a trip to Mexico and would like discover our fabulous nation before visiting or, if you´d like to visit a specific place in Mexico, then you´ve come to the right place. To the north and northeast, it has a long desolate area with the U.S. Mexico border across from the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas. Chihuahua is the largest state in Mexico by land mass, with a mainland area of 247,455 square kilometers (95,543 sq mi); it is slightly larger than the UK. It is consequently known under the nickname The Big State or El Estado Grande in Spanish.
Although Chihuahua is primarily identified with the Chihuahuan Desert for namesake, it has more forests areas than any other state in Mexico. Due to its alternative climate the state has a large variety of fauna and flora. Chihuahua is one of Mexico´s most popular places, visited by millions of people over the last decade. When you travel to Chihuahua you may wish to check out the Chihuahua hotels we have available or maybe you´d like to rent a car in Chihuahua? We also offer extensive day trips in Chihuahua. This unique place has simply amazing. We´ve also compiled a list of Travel books on Chihuahua Mexico.
The state is mostly characterized by rugged mountainous terrain and wide river valleys. The Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range, an extension of the Rocky Mountains, dominates the state’s terrain and is home to the state’s greatest attraction, Las Barrancas del Cobre, or Copper Canyon, a canyon system larger and deeper than the Grand Canyon. On the slope of the Sierra Madre Occidental mountains (near the regions of Casas Grandes, Cuauhtémoc and Parral), there are vast prairies of yellow grass, which is the source of the bulk of the state’s agricultural production. Most of the inhabitants live along the Rio Grande Valley and the Conchos River Valley of the state.
Whether you are visiting Chihuahua in Mexico for business, pleasure or both, we´re sure that Chihuahua will meet all of your expectations and that the people of Chihuahua will make you feel welcome while sampling some of the unique cuisine on offer in the Chihuahua Restaurant districts.
The main mountain range in the state is the Sierra Madre Occidental reaching a maximum altitude of 10,826 ft (3,300 m) known as Cerro Mohinora. Mountains make up for one third of the state’s surface area which includes large coniferous forests.
The climate in the mountainous regions varies Chihuahua has more forests than any other state in Mexico, making the area a bountiful source of wood; the mountainous areas are rich in minerals central to Mexico’s mining industry. Rainfall and temperature in the mountainous areas depends on the elevation. Unusually for Mexico, between the months of November and March snow storms are possible in the lower elevations and are frequent in the higher elevations. There are several watersheds located in the Sierra Madre Occidental all of the water that flows through the state; most of the rivers finally pour into the Rio Grande. Temperatures in some canyons in the state reach over 100°F in the summer while the same areas rarely drop below 32°F in the winter. Many microclimates are found in the heart of the Sierra Madre Occidental in the state that could be considered tropical and there have been wild tropical plants found in some canyons.
La Barranca del Cobre, or Copper Canyon, a spectacular canyon system larger and deeper than the Grand Canyon; the canyon also contains Mexico’s two tallest waterfalls:
Basaseachic Falls and Piedra Volada. Furthermore, there are two national parks found in the mountainous area of the state: Cumbres de Majalca National Park and Basaseachic Falls National Park, making the states very attractive for national and foreign tourism.
The plains at the foot of the Sierra Madre Occidental is an elongated mesa known as Altiplanicie Mexicana that exhibits a steppe climate and serves as a transition zone from the mountain climate in the western part of the state to the desert climate in the eastern side of the state.
Chihuahua has a Subtropical climate which is most common at elevations between 4,200-7,200 ft above sea level; this climate zone has warm humid summers and an average summer temperature of 68°F. The summer average precipitation is 70 cm (28 in) mostly in the months of: July, August, and September.
From November to March there are many rainstorms and snowstorms caused by high elevation and prominent cold fronts. Winter temperatures can reach a low of 3°F.
Chihuahua has a semi-arid climate or prairieland which is most common at elevations between 4,000-5,000 ft above sea level; this climate zone has an annual average 64°F and maximum temperatures above of 100°F and lows reaching slightly below 32°F, with a wet season in the late summer and fall. Snowfall is infrequent but does happen from time to time in the winter and frost is common from December to March. The annual average rainfall in the steppe climate zone is about 18.7 inches.
The main Hot Desert in Chihuahua is most common at elevations below 4,000 ft (1,200 m) above sea level; this climate zone tends to have a hot summer at temperatures that often reach 110 °F. Winter is warm, rarely dropping below 32°F. Precipitation averages between 6-10 in per year; most of the moisture falls during the “monsoon” of late summer.
Then the Cool Desert in Chihuahua is most common at elevations below 4,000 ft (1,200 m) above sea level; this climate zone tends to have a mild summer, rarely reaching temperatures over 105 °F. Winter weather varies from mild to cold depending on northern fronts, often dropping below 32°F. Precipitation averages between 10-16 in per year; most of the moisture falls during the “monsoon” of at the end of the summer months.
The largest river in the state is Rio Conchos which is the largest tributary to the Rio Grande from the Mexican side; the river descends from the zenith of the Sierra Madre Occidental in the southwest part of the state and winds through the center of the state where the water is exploited in the steppe zone and it eventually empties into the Rio Grande in the small desert town of Ojinaga.
The desert area also accounts for about a third of the state’s surface area. The Chihuahuan Desert is an international biome that also extends into the neighboring Mexican state of Coahuila and into the US states of Texas and New Mexico. The desert zone is mainly of flat topography with some small mountain ranges that run north to south. The desert in the state varies slightly with a small variant in climate. The lower elevations of the desert zone are found in the north along the Rio Grande which experience hotter temperatures in the summer and winter while the southern portion of the desert zone experiences cooler temperatures due to its higher elevation. Better known as the Samalayuca dunes they cover an area of about 150 square kilometers; it is an impressive site of the Chihuahuan Desert and is a protected area by the state due to unique species of plants and animals that can only be found in that area.
The climate in the state depends mainly in the elevation of the terrain. The Sierra Madre Occidental dominates the western part of the state; there are two main climates in this area: Subtropical Highland and Humid Subtropical. There are some microclimates in the state due to the varying topology mostly found in the western side of the state. The two best known microclimates are: Tropical savanna climate in deep canyons located in the extreme southern part of the state; Continental Mediterranean climate in the extremely high elevations of the Sierra Madre Occidental.
Vegetation is much greener in the west because of the cooler temperatures and larger amounts of precipitation as compared to the rest of the state.
Chihuahua has a comprehensive and diverse state economy. The three most important economic centers in the state are: Ciudad Juarez, an international manufacturing center; Chihuahua, the state capital; and Delicias which is the state’s main agriculture hub. Today Chihuahua serves as an important commercial route prospering from billions of dollars from international trade as a result of the NAFTA agreement with the United States.
In the extreme eastern part of the state the Chihuahuan Desert dominates due to low rainfall and extremely high temperatures; some areas of the eastern part of the state are so dry no vegetation is found like the Sand Dunes of Samalayuca.
There are two distinctive climate zones found in the eastern part of the state: Hot Desert and Cool Desert which are differentiated by average annual temperature due to differences in elevation. There is a transition zone in the middle of the state between the two extremely different climates from the east and west; this zone is the Steppe characterized by a compromise between juxtaposed climate zones.
Oddly, the Chihuahuan Desert varies slightly from cool in higher terrain to hot in low elevations. Subtropical Highland most common at elevations above 7,200 ft (2,200 m) above sea level; this climate zone has warm summers reaching a maximum temperature of 82°F and summer lows of 50°F. Heavy rainstorms are observed from July to September. Winters are cold reaching a maximum low of -4°F and a maximum high of 17°F. During the winter months many snowstorms are observed with typically 1 meter (3 ft) of snow per season.
Namurachi Canyon is characterized by many caves near the town of San Francisco de Borja.
The grassland area accounts for a third of the state’s area, and it experiences pronounced dry and wet seasons. The pronounced rainy season in the steppe is usually observed in the months of July, August, and September. The steppe also encounters extreme temperatures that often reach over 100°F in the summer and drop below 32°F in the winter. The prairieland zone is an important agriculture zone due to an extensive development of canals exploiting several rivers that flow down from the mountains. Therefore, the grassland zone is the most populated area of the state.
The state of Chihuahua is the largest state in the country and is known as El Estado Grande (The Big State); it accounts for 12.6% of the land of Mexico. The state landlocked by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the south-west, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east, and by the U.S. states of Texas to the north-east and New Mexico to the north. The state is made up of three geologic regions: Mountains, Plains-Valleys, and Desert which occur in large bands from west to east. Because of the different geologic regions there are distinct climates and ecosystems.
While most people associate the name most with a bread of dog from the K9 family, the origin of the name Chihuahua has long been disputed by historians and linguists.
The most established theory explains that the name was derived from the Nahuatl language meaning “The place where the water of the rivers meet” although other theories exist.
Chihuahua is just one of the websites Travelucion operates and is part of over 800 travel websites for over 130 countries worldwide. Our Mexico Collection of 70+ websites covers Mexican States, Cities and towns, along with 10 Mexico special interest websites. If you are traveling to Mexico, our websites will assist you in finding the right Mexican destination to suite your tastes and provide you with invaluable information before traveling to Mexico.
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Ixtapa is a beach resort in the municipality of Zihuatanejo de Azueta, in the Mexican state of Guerrero. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) to the northwest of the municipal seat, Zihuatanejo, and some 245 km (152 mi) northwest of Acapulco… Visit the official Ixtapa travel Website
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La Paz was founded by Hernán Cortés in 1535 and named Bay of Santa Cruz, though afterwards, the admiral Sebastián Vizcaíno baptized it as La Paz in 1596, currently the capital city of the state of Baja California Sur… Visit the official La Paz travel Website
Loreto is now a tourist resort, catering mostly to U.S. travelers, with daily flights from the U.S. state of California to Loreto International Airport. Many American tourists enjoy fishing in “pangas” for “dorado” Mahi-mahi or Dolphin Fish. Local restaurants will willingly prepare the daily catch of the tourists… Visit the official Loreto travel Website
Los Cabos is the tip of Baja California Sur. Wondering why they call it a dual destination? Part of the fun comes with exploring the region’s two dramatically distinct personas. Tranquil San Jose del Cabo retains the look and vibe of an authentic Mexican town… Visit the official Los Cabos travel Website
Manzanillo is well known internationally for deep-sea fishing and the green flash phenomenon during sunsets, as well as the warm waters of the ocean. The city is a destination resort and has many hotels and self-contained resorts, particularly built on the De Santiago peninsula… Visit the official Manzanillo travel Website
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Mazatlan is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipio, known as the Mazatlan Municipality. Mazatlán was well regarded by film stars such as John Wayne, Gary Cooper, John Huston, and others of their generation as a sport fishing Mecca… Visit the official Mazatlan travel Website
Merida is a cultural center, featuring multiple museums, art galleries, restaurants, movie theatres and shops. Mérida retains an abundance of beautiful colonial buildings and is a vibrant cultural center with music… Visit the official Merida travel Website
Mexicali is one of most racially diverse cities in all of Mexico. The biggest festival in the region, the Fiesta del Sol (Festival of the Sun) is held each year starting at the end of September and continuing through mid-October. Popular dances and music provide a festive… Visit the official Mexicali travel Website
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Michoacan, formally Michoacán de Ocampo, its tourism board has divided the state into regions, mostly based on the major cities of Morelia, Uruapan, Lázaro Cárdenas, Patzcuaro, Zamora and Zitácuaro… Visit the official Michoacan travel Website
Morelos State of Mexico has rich cultural traditions and well preserved at museums across the state. Notable museums include the Museo Cuauhnahuac (the oldest civilian building in Mexico) as well as the Museo Robert Brady, named after an American art collector who fell in love with Cuernavaca in 1959… Visit the official Morelos travel Website
Mulege is a beautiful oasis town located along the tranquil shores of the Sea of Cortez. This small town enjoys a typical mild Baja climate that many travelers find to be exactly what they are seeking. Many of the campgrounds and RV… Visit the official Mulege travel Website
Nayarit is located in Western Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south. Tourism is increasing and Nayarit’s coastline is still relatively undeveloped, enabling visitors to surf and swim on beautiful, un-crowded beaches… Visit the official Nayarit travel Website
Nuevo Leon ranks above all Latin American countries in the Human Development Index. With world leading companies such as Cemex, Bimbo, Maseca, Banorte, ALFA Ternium, i-service, Vitro SA, Coca-Cola, and Cervecería Sol, Tecate, Bohemia, Indio and Nochebuena are just but a few multinationals located in Nuevo Leon… Visit the official Nuevo Leon travel Website
Oaxaca is also incredibly important to Mexico’s food traditions being the birthplace of the “mole,” a very popular Mexican sauce that is used in many traditional cuisines. Culture and history are rich in the Oaxaca region. Ruins from the ancient tribes that used to inhabit the region are plentiful, as are museums that celebrate the history of the region… Visit the official Oaxaca travel Website
Playa del Carmen is a city located along the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico. Locally known as just “Playa”, has undergone rapid development over the past few years with many new luxury residential condominium buildings, restaurants, boutiques and entertainment centers. Currently there are plans to develop over 10 luxury boutique hotels. World renowned chain restaurants including PF Changs, Hard Rock Cafe, Ruth’s Chris, the Cheesecake Factory a but just a few… Visit the official Playa del Carmen travel Website
Rosarito, Baja California is located 20 minutes south of the border from San Diego, California, this proximity to the border and scenic location between the Pacific Ocean and coastal foothills, makes Rosarito Beach (or Playas de Rosarito) one of the leading resort towns in Baja California… Visit the official Rosarito travel Website
Puebla City and State, formally Puebla de los Ángeles, is one of the five most important Spanish colonial cities in Mexico. The historical and cultural value of Puebla’s architecture is a major reason the city was chosen as a World Heritage Site. Various styles and techniques such as Baroque, Renaissance and Classic are represented here in over 5,000 buildings… Visit the official Puebla travel Website
Puerto Vallarta is a city and popular vacation resort on the Pacific Coast of Mexico. Around its coastal bay lie beautiful beaches, lush jungles and sparkling waterfalls offer many options for the adventurous travelers, while five star resorts, world-class shopping and gourmet restaurants satisfy even the most sophisticated traveler. Stretching from the south end of Old Town to central downtown… Visit the official Puerto Vallarta travel Website
Queretaro is located in North-Central Mexico, in a region known as Bajío, bordered by the states of San Luis Potosí to the north, Guanajuato to the west, Hidalgo to the east, and Michoacán to the southwest. The Centro Histórico is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and includes the Cerro del Sangremal, crowned by the Convent of the Holy Cross and the flat area on the east that extends into the Cerro de las Campanas… Visit the official Queretaro travel Website
Quintana Roo is located in Southeastern Mexico, on the Yucatán Peninsula, bordered by Campeche to the west. To the north, Quintana Roo borders the Gulf of Mexico and to the south, Belize and a small border with Guatemala. Quintana Roo is home of the world famous city of Cancun, the islands of Cozumel and Isla Mujeres, the towns of Bacalar, Playa del Carmen and Akumal, as well as the ancient Maya ruins of Chacchoben, Coba, Kohunlich, Muyil, Tulum, Xel-Há, and Xcaret… Visit the official Quintana Roo travel Website
Riviera Maya or the Mayan Riviera, is a tourism destination following the coastal Highway 307 which parallels the Caribbean coastline of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, located on the eastern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula. Tourism started at the city of Playa del Carmen and ended at the village of Tulum, although the towns of Puerto Morelos situated to the north and between Playa del Carmen and Cancun as well as the town of Felipe Carrillo Puerto situated to the south of Tulum are both currently being promoted as part of the Riviera Maya tourist corridor… Visit the official Riviera Maya travel Website
San Luis Potosi stretches across the windswept, sun-baked plains of north central Mexico. It is one of Mexico’s most picturesque towns, whose central historic center features tiered esplanades, several handsome plazas, flower-filled parks, and an active cultural scene. Its importance in Mexican history spans four centuries of influence, making its capital city of the same name a fascinating destination… Visit the official San Luis Potosi travel Website
Sinaloa is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the north, Chihuahua and Durango to the east and Nayarit to the south. To the west, Sinaloa has a significant share of coastline on the Gulf of California… Visit the official Sinaloa travel Website
Sonora is a major tourist attraction due to its pristine beaches of; San Carlos, Puerto Peñasco, Bahía Kino, also the Gulf of Santa Clara in San Luis Río Colorado. San Carlos has a large variety of sea life off its shores, making it popular for sports fishing and scuba diving. One of its main attractions is the Playa de los Algodones, called such because its sand dunes look like cotton balls. Puerto Peñasco has no less than 110 kilometres (68 mi) of beaches, which have calm seas… Visit the official Sonora travel Website
Tabasco is home to ancient Mayan empire called Comalcalco. The city’s architecture is unique among Mayan sites in that brick was used in place of stone. Comalcalco’s ruins include three large ceremonial complexes: the Grand Acropólis, the North Group and the East Acrópolis. Due to the prominence of the Olmec culture in Tabasco, the state dedicated a museum, the Parque-Museo La Venta, to the Olmec civilization… Visit the official Tabasco travel Website
Tamaulipas is one-third the size of the state of Chihuahua and fifteen times larger than Morelos. The Tamaulipas International Festival is held each October, features cultural and artistic events that include exhibits, plays, concerts, and cinema. The Tampico Port in Tamaulipas is one of Mexico’s first exporting ports. While oil is the primary commodity exported from Tampico, it also ships silver, copper, lumber, wool, hemp… Visit the official Tamaulipas travel Website
Tecate is a small city in Baja California located on the border with California, United States in the San Diego and in Tijuana metropolitan area. There is a small port of entry between the cities that serves as a calmer alternative to the bustling port of Tijuana. The Tecate brewery is the centerpiece of the town and it stands out more than any other landmark in the city. They have been making beer here since 1943… Visit the official Tecate travel Website
Tijuana´s skyline is the third largest in Mexico and is located in the Zona Rio and Playas de Tijuana. In the Zona Rio the buildings are concentrated on the Tijuana River parallel to the river and on the edges of the Tijuana Country Club. In Playas the high-rises are currently focused on the coast… Visit the official Tijuana travel Website
Tlaxcala is Mexico’s smallest state, was once home to the ancient Olmeca and Xicalanca civilizations. Tlaxcala is home to three famous bullrings. The most famous being the Jorge “El Ranchero” Aguilar plaza, built in the 18th century in the heart of Tlaxcala City. Today it’s known for its farms and textile industries and tourism… Visit the official Tlaxcala travel Website
Veracruz is located in Eastern Mexico, bordered by the states of Tamaulipas to the north, San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo to the west, Puebla to the southwest, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south and Tabasco to the southeast. Veracruz continues to be a very important part of Mexico’s economy. The state is rich in natural resources and represents approximately 35 percent of Mexico’s water supply… Visit the official Veracruz travel Website
Xcaret is a natural park that treasures the best of the traditions and culture of Mexico, a paradise that combines the natural beauty and cultural wealth of the country and the region. Located 45minutes from Cancun, Mexico, Riviera Maya, in Xcaret you will find underground rivers, natural pools and a myriad of attractions… Visit the Xcaret Park Website
Xelha is located south of the modern town of Playa del Carmen, in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Xel-Ha is an ecological theme park or natural aquarium. Here you can swim with dolphins, see sea turtles, bicycle, snorkel, cliff-dive, and scuba. If you choose to scuba you will get to pet stingrays and see larger fish. This park is large, so bring good shoes to walk up river, you bag your dry belongings and they will be driven back to the main area… Visit the Xelha Park Website
Yucatan is located in Southeastern Mexico, on the north part of the Yucatán Peninsula. It is bordered by the states of Campeche to the southwest, Quintana Roo to the northeast and the Gulf of Mexico lies off its north coast. Home to the restored Mayan ruins of Chichén Itzá and the Pyramid of Kukulcán… Visit the official Yucatan travel Website
Zacatecas Colonial Center contains many notable structures, including the Plaza de Armas or Main Square with its magnificent stone façade. The Palacio de Gobierno, the Residencia de Gobernadores and Palacio de la Mala Noche (Palace of the Bad Night) are also located in the Center… Visit the official Zacatecas travel Website
Zihuatanejo evolved from a quaint fishing village to a backpackers’ hotspot, to today’s incarnation of winding streets of galleries and folk art shops, small boutique hotels and palapa-style seafood restaurants serving the fresh catch of the day. Backpackers still holiday in Zihuatanejo, but share the experience with honeymooners, snorkelers, swimmers, and cultural travelers who appreciate “Zihua’s” laid-back vibe and postcard-worthy scenery of rocky cliffs, sand and sea… Visit the official Zihuatanejo travel Website